Future Fuel for road freight – Techno-Economic & Environmental Performance Comparison of GHG-Neutral Fuels & Drivetrains for Heavy-Duty Trucks

Project Leader : LBST – Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH and Hinicio SA

Background & approach

Heavy-duty trucks are responsible for 22 % of greenhouse gas emissions from road transport in France and tractors are the vehicles that transport the most goods (95 % in terms of ton-km). Following the passenger car CO2 regulation, the EU is about to
introduce CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles in the order of -15 % in 2025 and -30 % in 2030 (compared to 2019).
 
CO2 emissions from transport sector in France [%, 2014] 
Imah
 
The study compares Diesel, CNG/LNG, hydrogen fuel cell (FCEV), and catenary (CEV) powered heavy-duty trucks with regards to their environmental and technoeconomic performance for France, including renewable fuel import as an option.